Termites and soils by K. E. Lee

Cover of: Termites and soils | K. E. Lee

Published by Academic Press in London, New York .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Termites,
  • Soil biology

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 202-220.

Book details

Statement[by] K. E. Lee and T. G. Wood.
ContributionsWood, T. G., joint author.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQL513.T3 L44 1971
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 251 p.
Number of Pages251
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4917209M
ISBN 100124408508
LC Control Number76153527

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Termites and Soils by K. Lee & T. Wood (Author) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important. ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book.

The digit and digit formats both work. Cited by: Termite classification, biology and geographical distribution, Nests, mounds and galleries, Termites as soil animals, Termite populations, Effects on physical and chemical characteristics of soils, Effects on decomposition Termites and soils book organic matter and its incorporation in the soil, Modifications of soil profile morphology, Effects on vegetation, Agricultural significance of termites, Some ecological comparisons.

"This book provides a general scientific introduction to termites, including their biology, behavior, pest status, and control. It is directed to advanced students in 3/5(2). Additional Physical Format: Online version: Lee, K.E.

(Kenneth Ernest). Termites and soils. London, New York, Academic Press, (OCoLC) other objects such as pellets of soil or pillars cause termites to start building. The termite adds these objects onto existing structures, and such behavi or encourages building behavior in other.

There are sections dealing with the effects of termite activity on soil profile development, soil physical properties, soil chemical properties, soil microbiology and plant growth. The physical effects of termites on soils range from micromorphological to soil profile evolution and by: Ecological Benefits of Termite Soil Interaction and Microbial Symbiosis 65 other interferences, minimum or less extreme fluctuations of wetting and drying cycles, as well as abundant and accessible nutrients [5, 8, 20].

Therefore, termites significantly influence and regulate the structure of soil bacterial and fungal communities, as reported. CO2 emission from ant and termite nests was significantly higher than that from the surrounding soils, suggesting ant and termite nests are hot spots of CO2 emission from the soil.

Most termites use soil, together with saliva and faeces, to construct their nests. Nests may be subterranean, epigeal (mounds) or within or attached to the outside of shrubs and trees.

Some termite nests are simple constructions and their internal microclimate is not much different from that in the soil. Other nests are often complex structures where temperature and humidity are closely Cited by: soil is to provide an unbroken chemical barrier between the wood in the structure and termite colonies in the soil.

Thus, the insecticide must be applied thoroughly and uniformly to block all routes of termite entry. Treatment is required around all pipes, utility conduits, foundations Termite Prevention and Control Methods – Page 1File Size: KB. Ecology of Termites (1) Termites and Soils (2) Termites and Plants (3) Termites and Other Animals (4) Termites and Their Enemies (5) Termites and Temperature (6) Termites and Humidity (7) Termites and Light (8) Termites and Gas.

Termite Control (1) Prevention of Termites in New Building (2) Control of Termite Demages. soil construction in wetter environments (Lee and Foster, ).

In Namibia, termites are among the most important agents bf soil building, particularly termites like Termites and soils book fungus-cultivating Macrotermes that build large mounds (Figure 1). Termites are unlikely candidates for this role because theyFile Size: 2MB. The book is a new compendium in which leading termite scientists review the advances of the last 30 years in our understanding of phylogeny, fossil records, relationships with cockroaches, social evolution, nesting, behaviour, mutualisms with archaea, protists, bacteria and fungi, nutrition, energy metabolism,population and community ecology, soil conditioning, greenhouse gas production and.

Book: Termites and Soils. pp.x + pp. ref pp. of refs. Abstract: Chapters deal with aspects of termite biology and distribution relevant to their role as soil animals animals Subject Category: Organism NamesAuthor: K.

Lee, T. Wood. In the tropics, termites are key litter decomposers and soil bioturbators. Termite foraging activity involves the production of sheetings and galleries that influence the physical, chemical and hydraulic properties of by: 6.

The authors assess the rôle of termites as soil animals, bringing together for the first time widely scattered observations and experimental data and integrating biological and pedological knowledge on an important, but previously rather neglected, component of the soil fauna.

Knowledge of soil zoology is derived mainly from cool temperate climates, where termites are rare or absent and Cited by: This is a research-oriented review of the biology of termites.

There is a strong emphasis on the gains made from modern technologies and contemporary concepts, for example the molecular and morphological phylogenies, social theory, the culture of fastidious microorganisms, microelectrode probing, natural stable isotope analysis and protein purification.

Subterranean termites live in the soil and build one of the largest nests. They are connected via trees and structural timbers in houses. These termites are found highly in the U.S. and are considered one of the most destructive species. They destroy woods and home at a fast pace.

Termites, Water & Soils Turner, Marais, Vinte, Mudengi and Park Annual Rainfall (mm) 0 80 60 40 20 0 % termite b i o mass as Macr o termitinae % Macrotermitine biomass = * MAR (mm) + Book Reviews.

Termites: Biology and Pest Management the first three families are the lower or primitive Termites and the last four are the higher or advanced Termites. Order = Isoptera Termites and Soils, Academic Press, London and New York,pp Ratcliffe, F.N., Gay, F. J., and Greaves, T. () Australian Termites.

The Biology. When a group of termites were given a choice between three different moist soils, they gathered in topsoil as opposed to potting soil and peat moss. However, these same termites also chose dry potting and peat soil over over dry sand and clay, suggesting that moisture has a significant influence on termite activity.

In California forests, woodlands, and deserts termites commonly feed on felled trees and stumps, grasses, bushes, or other pieces of dead or decaying wood. Termites can be highly beneficial as they degrade woody debris, return nutrients to the soil, and provide.

Subterranean termites are social insects that live in colonies in the soil. They feed on a variety of cellulosic materials as their principal energy source. Termites and fungi are the most important organisms that can digest plant cell walls and thus reduce cellulose from a complex polysaccharide to simple sugars.

Subterranean termite homes are usually formed in soil. Within these mounds, termites build elaborate tunnel systems and mud tunnels through which they access above-ground food sources.

Mud Tubes on Walls. Drywood termites live within the wood they consume and oftentimes infest walls and furniture. Termites are abundant soil invertebrates in much of the tropics and subtropics. The physical effects of termites on soils range from the micromorphological to Encyclopedia of Soil Science book.

By Rattan Lal. Edition 3rd Edition. First Published eBook Published 11 January Pub. location Boca Raton. Imprint CRC Press. DOI. [Extract] This chapter reviews the advances made in our knowledge of the effects of termites on the physical, chemical and biological properties of soils.

Emphasis has been placed on more recent contributions, particularly those that explore new concepts in the ecology of termites and soils. There are sections dealing with the effects of termite activity on soil profile development, soil.

Termites artfully mix inorganic particles of sand, stone and clay with organic bits of leaf litter, discarded exoskeletons and the occasional squirrel tail, a blending that helps the soil retain.

Termites have a niche in the environment, like most bugs and organisms. Their niche is to help decompose wood, which may benefit your garden, since buried roots, stumps, and branches can be obstacles encountered when you till the ground.

They do. Mix equal parts warm water and salt in a quart jar, and stir until the salt dissolves. The water should be very salty. Termites avoid salt -- including salty soil -- so the more salt, the better. Will Termites Eat Normal Paper. If you watched the video below then you already know that yes, absolutely termites will eat paper.

Many people find this out the hard way when a favorite or valuable book they have had stashed away in a storage facility or attic is found years later with what appears to be many small tears throughout. the dampwood termite has a limited distribution in eastern Washington.

Termites are often confused with ants. The termite has straight beadlike antennae, while those of ants are elbowed. The abdomen of the termite is broadly joined to the thorax (no waist), while the ant’s thorax and abdomen are joined TERMITES: BIOLOGY, PREVENTION, AND CONTROLFile Size: KB.

The bait will attract the termites and they will spread it to their hive and eventually they will be eliminated. Make sure to read the instructions and to choose the right place to place the traps.

The last method that you use on how you can get rid of termites in your garden soil would be the direct chemical treatment. Termites recycle wood products into the soil by feeding on cellulose—the main cell wall component of plants—and breaking it termite damage is caused by subterranean (underground) termites, members of the family these ground-dwelling termites, the most common structural pests are the eastern, western, and Formosan subterranean termites.

The following pre-construction and post-construction soil treatment methods are most effective for subterranean termite control. If you have other termite problems, including Formosan, Dampwood, or Drywood termites, you may need to follow more extensive control methods such as fumigation.

Termites mostly feed on dead plant material and cellulose, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung. Termites are major detritivores, particularly in the subtropical and tropical regions, and their recycling of wood and plant matter is of considerable ecological : Insecta.

The most common technique for treating termite infestations is the soil-applied barrier treatment. Termiticides used for barrier treatments must be specifically labeled for that use. If conducted improperly, these treatments can cause contamination of the home and surrounding drinking water wells and will not protect against termites.

Signs of subterranean termite damage. Subterranean termites dwell underground in loose, damp soil. Although subterranean termite species in Africa are famously aggressive and known for the obvious mounds above their colonies, signs of subterranean termite. The Anoplotermes-group members are known to feed on soil, or at the wood-soil interface, with the exception of Ruptitermes which feeds on leaf litter [25, 26].The precise diet of soil-feeding termites is only known for African species of the Cubitermes group (Cubitermitinae): their workers ingest argilo-humic compounds from which they digest the peptidic fraction, released through alkaline Cited by: 6.

Termites: Fascinating insects. Only a handful of the 3, or so known termite species are pests to people. The rest are soil engineers who create the ground under your feet and keep it.

unfavorable to termites and carpenter ants. First, the following protective measures are useful: • Termite shields • Chemical soil treatment around and underneath foundations, along with periodic inspection and retreatment • Treated wood and foam plastic (in severe conditions) Termites, Carpenter Ants and.

The termites are able to digest dead wood or dead plants, of any type. That's rare. There aren't too many animals that can do that. Termites do it quickly, then all those nutrients from the plant are put back into the soil and new plants can grow.

Termites are really, really important for that.

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